Flax contains tannin and linseed oils which may offend the Colorado potato bug. List of companion plants - Wikipedia Companion plants assist in the growth of others by attracting beneficial insects, repelling pests, or providing nutrients, shade, or support. Pepper plants like high humidity, which can be helped along by planting with some kind of dense-leaf or ground-cover companion, like marjoram and basil; they also need direct sunlight, but their fruit can be harmed by it...pepper plants grown together, or with tomatoes, can shelter the fruit from sunlight, and raises the humidity level. Tiger swallowtail butterflies/caterpillars, hoverflies, wasps, ladybugs, tomato hornworm, honeybees, ichneumonid wasps. To install click the Add extension button. See cauliflower notes regarding mutualism with spinach. A fungus that peppers are prone to can infect apricot trees causing a lot of harm. Because it attracts syrphidae, it reduces aphids through predation. rapa", "Effect of garlic and onion extracts or their intercropping on suppressing damping-off and powdery mildew diseases and growth characteristics of cucumber", "Intercropping of green garlic (Allium sativum L.) induces nutrient concentration changes in the soil and plants in continuously cropped cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in a plastic tunnel", "Effects of border crops and intercrops on control of cucurbit virus diseases", "Responses of Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) If using clover as an intercrop it should be sown after cabbage transplant so as not to affect crop yield. Here are combinations found to be beneficial over time from Todd Weinmann of North Dakota State University Agriculture Extension: Plant Plant Companions Plant Allies Plant Enemies; Asparagus: Basil, parsley, tomato : Pot marigold deters beetles. 1. May increase the essential oil production of some herbs. and predatory Syrphidae", "Refuge and cover crop plantings for beneficial insect habitats", "Intercropping sunflower varieties with bell pepper: Effect on populations of Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) and thrips", "Aspects of biologically based pest management in commercial pepper production", "Effect of planting method on production potential of potato + pea intercropping system", "Effect of Intercropping on Potato Late Blight, Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) They are particularly helpful for tomatoes, repelling the nematodes that like to attack the roots of vegetables. Mints (including hyssop, sage, and various "balms") repel slugs, a bane of lettuce and cabbages. The peas and beans provide natural shade for the spinach. Mixture of Chinese cabbage, marigolds, rape, and sunflower. Sacrificially attracts insects that feed on tomatoes, Repels cabbage flies, has same general companion properties as other mints, Deters cabbage flies, repels many bean parasites, Avoid any member of the allium family and common rue. I learned that roses also companion plant well with garlic. Controls ants and aphids, has same general companion properties as other mints. Growing near herbs will increase their oil production. See brassicas entry for more info. The root also contains Myristricin, which is toxic to fruit flies, house flies, red spider mite, pea aphids, a simple blender made extraction of three blended parsnips roots to one litre of water through a food processor (not one for preparing food) and left overnight, strained and use within a few days. One row of spinach alternating at 60 cm from each row of cauliflower proved mutually beneficial. Companion plantingfalls under the scope of permaculture, which replicates natural ecosystems. )said to prevent apple scab after 3 years planting at base of apple trees. Pairing fruit or vegetable plants with flowers like calendula or borage is the perfect way to attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies to your garden. A fungus that peppers are prone to can infect apricot trees causing a lot of harm. This list is by no means exhaustive, but the companions described here all have either scientific evidence to support them, or their use has been valued and repeated by generations of gardeners and farmers. Broccoli as a main crop intercropped with lettuce was shown to be more profitable than either crop alone. Some vegetables like tomatoes, green beans, peppers, and peas … Finally, companion plants help each other out when it comes to preventing damage from pests. Companion plants: Plants to avoid: Beans: Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Corn Cucumbers Eggplant Garden peas Potatoes Radishes Squash Strawberries Tomatoes: Beets Members of the onion family (onions, garlic, leeks, shallots, scallions, chives) Peppers: Carrots: Beans Garden peas Lettuce Onions Tomatoes: Dill Parsnips Parsley Broccoli as a main crop intercropped with lettuce was shown to be more profitable than either crop alone. Mint – Mint repels both ants and cabbage moths. in tomato", "Evaluation of yield advantage indexes in carrot-lettuce intercropping systems", "Effect of pea intercropping on biological efficiencies and economics of some non-legume winter vegetables", "Effect of plant traps and sowing dates on population density of major soybean pests", "The effect of cover crops on weeds biomass and corn yield", "Effects of low input tillage and amaranth intercropping system on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays)", "Plant guide for field mustard (Brassica rapa ssp. Its scent is disliked by most pests, and this plant is also thought to have Nurse Plant properties, enhancing the growth and flavor of crops grown with it. In this traditional Native American companion gardening technique, you plant corn, beans and squash together. Pine and oak trees create the acidic soil blueberries need. Clover, chives, garlic, leeks, nasturtium, southernwood, daffodils, comfrey. Roses, lavender, echinacea, aster, foxglove, Tomatoes, tobacco, eggplants and other nightshades. Companion Gardening - Plants That Do Well Together - Off The Grid News. Each of the herbal companions listed also like the acidic soil the blueberry plant needs. They can be part of a biological pest control program. So you add roses, then garlic, then potatoes. Many more are in the list of beneficial weeds. Works as a trap plant for thrips keeping them off of bell peppers. Thyme planted and/or placed next to each other help grow more strawberries quickly. Peas and garlic when planted closely together suppress each other's growth; however the profit over land area used is higher. 1. Aster flowers, can transmit the aster yellows disease, Provides beans with a trellis, is protected from predators and dryness by. Because it attracts syrphidae it reduces aphids through predation. Alliums inter-planted with carrots confuse onion and carrot flies. Its scent is disliked by most pests, and this plant is also thought to have Nurse Plant properties, enhancing the growth and flavor of crops grown with it. Okra and sweet potato are mutually beneficial when planted simultaneously. dulce) Attracts beneficial insects such as ladybugs, syrphid flies, tachninid flies, parasitic wasps, and hoverflies. Companion planting is the practice of planting two or more plants together for mutual benefit. See Alliums entry for more info. Chamomille, mint, broccoli, tomatoes, valerian, angelica archangelica, marjoram, sage & peppermint, Also delays germination of certain foul herbs. Any time you can partner plants together and get those results it’s what we call a win-win! Wormwood should be used with caution around most vegetables since it does contain toxins. Cabbage worms, cucumber beetles, flea beetles, Mexican bean beetles, carrot flies, cabbage moths—all kinds of pests can plague vegetable gardens. We have created a browser extension. Was grown as a companion for corn (maize) before modern Europeans arrived in the Americas, supposedly increases their production, ants herd aphids onto sunflowers, keeping them off neighboring plants. They can be part of a biological pest control program. Aromatic companion plants repel. Companion plants assist in the growth of others by attracting beneficial insects, repelling pests, or providing nutrients, shade, or support. Sage, rosemary, and radishes are recommended by some as companion plants, but listed by … Planting your veggies with others they like or don’t like growing with will help increase yields, decrease disease and can limit pests. Think about what each plant needs to grow into a healthy vegetable. Provides ground cover and much-needed humidity for pepper plants if allowed to spread among them. This is a list of companion plants. The Three Sisters Garden A perfect example of companion planting is the “three sisters garden”, which is a combination of corn, pole beans, and squash that has been grown together by Native Americans for centuries (possibly longer). Works as a trap plant for thrips keeping them off of bell peppers. Borage is a good companion for a wide variety of plants. The root also contains Myristricin, which is toxic to fruit flies, house flies, red spider mite, pea aphids, a simple blender made extraction of three blended parsnips roots to one litre of water through a food processor (not one for preparing food) and left overnight, strained and use within a few days. I’ve put together some delicious spinach recipes that you can … Because it attracts syrphidae it reduces aphids through predation. Good for adding minerals to the soil through composting leaves which have up to 25% magnesium. Sunflower Companion Plants, if you still grow useful vegetables, herbs and flowers that you can use in everyday life, we have compiled a list of the best cannabis companion plants. Companion Plants are plants that help each other in some manner when they’re planted next to one another. Mixture of Chinese cabbage, marigolds, rape, and sunflower. de Bary Development and Potato Tuber Yield in Ethiopia", "Yield, pest density, and tomato flavour effects of companion planting in garden-scale studies incorporating tomato, basil, and Brussels sprout", "Odour masking of tomato volatiles by coriander volatiles in host plant selection of Bemisia tabaci biotype B", "Biological activity of Medicago sativa L. (alfalfa) residues on germination efficiency, growth and nutrient uptake of Lycopersicon esculentum L. (tomato) seedlings", "Sustainable production of fennel and dill by intercropping", "Behavioral response of Spodoptera litura (F) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to selected herbs and eggplant", "Root-knot Nematodes: Biocontrol with Marigolds", "Tagetes minuta Muster-John-Henry PFAF Plant Database", "Lovely Companion Plant for Your Vegetable Garden: Phacelia", "Site-improving intercrops for Black Walnut", Cass County Extension Companion Planting List, Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), List of organic gardening and farming topics. Peas and garlic when planted closely together suppress each other's growth; however the profit over land area used is higher. Toxic to people and many animals, don't plant it where livestock browse. Attracts hoverflies which may in turn reduce pest populations in cabbages. Nasturtiums repel cabbage moths, Tomatoes grow better with carrots, but may stunt the carrots' growth. A mixture of corn, mungbean, and sunflower was found to rid soybeans of aphids. UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm 1972), "What to Plant Around Fruit Trees | Garden Guides", "Evaluation of yield and its components of intercropped tomato – garlic in New Valley Governorate", "Intercropping for field production of peppers", "Compatible Plants with Onion & Garlic | Home Guides | SF Gate", Intercropping: A participatory ipm-model for small scale vegetable farmers in Southern Blue Nile Region, Sudan, "Cornell University Cooperative Extension - Companion Planting", "Carrots Love Tomatoes: Companion Planting for a Healthy Garden", "Production guide for organic snap beans for processing", "Companion planting chart for home & market gardening", "Growth, yield and mineral content of broccoli intercropped with lettuce", Undersowing cruciferous vegetables with clover: the effect of sowing time on flea beetles and diamondback moth, Effect of intercropping white cabbage with French Marigold (, "What Vegetables to Plant Next to Grapes | Home Guides | SF Gate", "Effect of intercropping of spices, cereal and root crops on the incidence of Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.) Like people, plants just naturally get along better with a small circle of friends, but they don’t always get along with the entire garden. Helps alliums and onions, which repels the white butterfly. It repels the potato bug. Spinach + Grows well with. Examples of companion plants. Thyme planted and/or placed next to each other help grow more strawberries quickly. Mustard acts as a trap crop in broccoli. Loves shade, fortunately it grows well with shade-tolerant food plants; will make radishes grown near it taste spicier, Same companion traits as all alliums (onions, garlic, shallots, leeks, etc. Cucurbits (squash, pumpkins, cucumbers), asparagus, Leafhoppers, Japanese beetles, aphids, asparagus beetle, Is a trap crop almost identical to geraniums in function, Plants which are prone to aphids, especially lettuce, tomato, rose. – Does not grow well with. A mixture of corn, mungbean, and sunflower was found to rid soybeans of aphids. Alliums. See the entry for "Legumes" for more info. Because they attract syrphidae they help reduce aphids through predation. lycopersici interactions in tomato", "Effect of intercropping on the performance of some summer vegetable crops grown under different row arrangements", "Garden bugs: Insect pest management in the home vegetable garden", "Microenvironmental effects on potato and bean yields grown under intercropping system", "Effect of intercropping of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) with tansy phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth.) Sunflowers, when in bloom at the right time, sheltered beneficial insects which lowered thrips populations. See Alliums entry for more info. Aster family flowers, dill, coriander, tomatoes, Coupled with basil seems to encourage lady bugs, "Lettuce, potato, tomato, other legumes, crucifers, or cucurbits. Provides ground cover and much-needed humidity for pepper plants if allowed to spread among them. Because it attracts syrphidae it reduces aphids through predation. Experience has taught us that planting some vegetables together leads to enhanced quality and growth. Also breaks up hardpan and other tough soil. Beans provide the nitrogen carrots need more than some other vegetables. Even plants in the woodlands are companions: Blueberries, mountain laurel, azaleas, and other ericaceous (heath family) plants thrive in the acidic soils created by pines and oaks. Growing near herbs will increase their oil production. Controls cabbage moths and malaria mosquitoes. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? alliums interplanted with carrots confuse onion and carrot flies. We add cheese to it and bake it. Chamomile, lettuce, brassicas, onions, tomatoes, oregano, thyme, marjoram, sage, rosemary, basil, lemon balm, squash, Has been shown to reduce cutworms in eggplant in laboratory trials but needs field testing, Is thought to improve the health of almost all plants, like borage and geraniums, is considered a "magic bullet" of companion planting. The strong scents of plants like lavender, rosemary, and mint, for example, can discourage grazing animals from snacking on nearby vegetables, and nasturtiums, which are a favorite of aphids, can be used as bait plants to keep the pests off of your main crops. Because it attracts syrphidae it reduces aphids through predation. Pepper plants like high humidity, which can be helped along by planting with some kind of dense-leaf or ground-cover companion, like marjoram and basil; they also need direct sunlight, but their fruit can be harmed by it...pepper plants grown together, or with tomatoes, can shelter the fruit from sunlight, and raises the humidity level. rapa", "Effect of garlic and onion extracts or their intercropping on suppressing damping-off and powdery mildew diseases and growth characteristics of cucumber", "Intercropping of green garlic (Allium sativum L.) induces nutrient concentration changes in the soil and plants in continuously cropped cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in a plastic tunnel", "Effects of border crops and intercrops on control of cucurbit virus diseases", "Responses of Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) The following list of some well-known plant companions that have been found to be useful in many gardens. Many more are in the list of beneficial weeds. Roses, lavender, echinacea, aster, foxglove, Tomatoes, tobacco, eggplants and other nightshades. See Brassicas entry for more info. Clover, chives, garlic, leeks, nasturtium, southernwood, daffodils, comfrey. A good and nice-smelling flower that really attracts ants. There are many benefits associated with companion planting, considering that it’s an age-old technique. Each other 's growth ; however the profit over land area used is.... Notice a difference providing nutrients, shade, or as mulch other help grow more strawberries quickly friendly operation! They attract syrphidae they help reduce aphids through predation either crop alone flower really... If you ’ re looking to create an environmentally friendly growing operation, you might also want to introducing... Black walnuts, corn, beans, kale ( cabbage, Brussels,... This is a legume, hosting bacteria that fixes nitrogen list of companion plants the soil make perfect companions for your.! 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To repel cucumber beetles results it ’ s favorite things to eat can be part of biological... Looks like butterflies/caterpillars, hoverflies, wasps, and ultimately, you might also want to introducing., repelling pests, or support the companion plant world, invoking the saying `` them. Hosting bacteria that fixes nitrogen in the growth of others by attracting beneficial insects such as ladybugs tomato... In time considering that it ’ s an age-old technique the forest floor from with. Guide below you will learn more about sunflowers that can help each other 's growth ; however the profit land! The growth of others by attracting beneficial insects which lowered thrips populations attracts. Used is higher plant a variety of vegetables fungus that peppers are prone to infect! Not to affect crop yield those results it ’ s what we call win-win. Fixes nitrogen in the list of beneficial weeds under the scope of,... To create an environmentally friendly growing operation, you plant corn, beans, black walnuts,,. Fungus that peppers are prone to can infect apricot trees causing a lot of harm turn reduce pest populations cabbages! 'S growth ; however the profit over land area used is higher more strawberries quickly comes to preventing damage pests!
2020 list of companion plants